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What are Yogas in astrology? What is the importance of them?



Yogas in astrology, translated as ‘planetary combinations’, are specific planetary dispositions which are capable of yielding specific results. Countless yogas have been described in the astrological texts. They significantly alter the stature of natives, for better or worse, depending upon their inherent nature as well as upon a host of other factors that influence their outcome. No astrological study is complete without an assessment of the various yogas that obtain in a given chart.

Their main categories of yogas may be considered while analyzing a chart. These are:

  1. Raja yogas (or yogas for high status);
  2. Dhana yogas (or yogas for wealth);
  3. Daridrya yogas (or yogas for penury).

Another important category of yogas is the Arishta yogas which are concerned with physical suffering and ill health.
Depending on the method of their formation, there are two main varieties of yogas:

1. Those based on the ownership of house; and
2. Those were the owner of the house is not important.

We are here concerned with those yogas only which have some relationship with the Lagna or the Lagna lord or both. It may be pointed out that any yoga which has something to do with the Lagna or the Lagna lord becomes particularly significant for the native and affects him more intensely. It is not possible here to deal with all the different yogas that could possibly involve the Lagna or the Lagna lord. We shall only try to explain some basic principles and elucidate with examples of certain important yogas mentioned in the astrological classics. It may also be pointed out that the results indicated by a given yoga tend to attain fruition during the Dasha of planets that constitute the yoga. The strength of the yoga causing planets indicates the extent to which its results would materialise. Good yogas yield good results only when the Lagna and the lord are strong. In the event of the Lagna and its lord being weak, the beneficial yogas fail to produce the desired effects while the adverse yogas produce their ill effects more intensely. In general, the presence of several benefic yogas in a horoscope raises the stature of the horoscope and consequently of the native.

What is Raja Yogas?

There are planetary combinations that raise the status of the individual. The term ‘Raja-yoga’ literally means to convey that the native with such yoga in his chart becomes a ‘king’. In a general sense, it means promotion in a job or recognition by the government. Association and interaction with the high and the mighty is also the result of Raja yogas. Very strong Raja yogas confer high position in the administration. These yogas are highly desirable in a chart since they earn respect and dignity for the native, though not necessarily a rise in financial status.
A few important Raja yoga, involving the Lagna or the Lagna lord, as mentioned in the classics, may now be described.

  • Association of the Lagna lord with any of the Kendra or trikona lords confers a Raja yoga. Note: According to sage Parashara, the four kendras (houses 1,4,7 and 10) are the abodes of Lord Vishnu while the three trikonas (houses 1,5, and 9) are the abodes of the goddess Lakkshmi. The union of the Kendra and trikona lords results in various Raja yogas.
  • The Lagna taken as both a Kendra and a trikona. Any link between the Lagna lord on the one hand and any of the lords of house 4,5,7,9 and 10 results in a Raja yoga. Very potent Raja Yogas from when the Lagna lord is linked to the lord of the fifth or the ninth or the tenth house.
  • When the Lagna or the Moon is vargottama and is aspected by four planets, other than the Moon, a native-born even in an ordinary ambiance becomes a king. Note: When the natal, as well as the navamsa Lagna, is the same it is called ‘vargottama’. Being vargottama is a state of great strength. The Moon serves as an alternate Lagna and its being vargottama only adds to the strength of the chart. The number of planets aspecting the Lagna also confers strength upon the Lagna. In this case, the occupation of the Lagna by several planets may also be considered to have the same effects.
  • Venus in Ashwini nakshatra occupying the Lagna and aspected by three planets confers on the native a Raja yoga. Note: This is a very special Raja yoga mentioned in the classics. This combination occurs with Mesha (Aries) Lagna and Venus occupying it.
    When the same planet aspects the natal Lagna, the Hora Lagna, and the Ghati Lagna, a Raja yoga result.
    Note: These alternate lagnas have already been described. The planet that aspects all the three lagnas mentioned here gives Raja yoga results during its Dasha.
  • When the same planet aspects or occupies the Shavargas of the Lagna, a Raja yoga is formed.
    Note: The Shadvargas (six division) of the Lagna are: Rashi, Hora, Drekkana, Navamsha, Dwadashmsha, and Trimshamsha. The planet that occupies or aspects the Lagna in these divisional charts confers Raja yoga effects on the native during its Dasha. Note: Two different formations of Raja yoga are mentioned here. When the three lagnas(natal, Hora, and Ghati) are associated with exalted planets, Raja yoga results. Also, when the Lagna and its two important divisions, the Drekkana, and the navamsha, are associated with exalted planets, a Raja yoga is formed.
  • A Shubha-Kartari is formed when houses 2 and 12 from the Lagna are occupied by natural benefits. This yoga confers on the native eloquence, good health, handsome appearance, much wealth, and fame.
    Note: An equivalent adverse yoga is a Paapa-kartari yoga which results when houses 2 and12 from the Lagna are inhabited by natural malefic. This yoga has a strangulating influence on the Lagna and tends to curtail all the good things that the Lagna stands for. It leads to criminal tendencies, ill-health, unwholesome food, excessive sexual urge, and intention to grab the wealth of others.
    •A Lagnadhi yoga results from the occupation by natural benefits of houses 7 and 8 from the Lagna. It confers on the native learning and comforts.
    Note: The Lagnadhi yoga gives good results when the planets occupying houses 7 and 8 from the Lagna do not receive any malefic aspect or association and the fourth house is also free from affliction. This yoga confers on the native virtue, learning, stable wealth, high status, a generous disposition, and a capability of compilation or writing. A Langnadhi yoga is somewhat equivalent to the Chandradhi yoga which results from the occupation by natural benefics of houses 6,7 and 8 from the natal position of the Moon. Chandradhi yoga is also a highly benefic yoga. For good reason, some authorities

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